Top Programming Languages in 2020

Here is the list of the Best Programming languages of 2020.

JavaScript

JavaScript

Introduction:

      JavaScript is a text-based programming language that is used by Web browsers to create a dynamic and interactive user interface(UI). It can be used both on the client-side and server-side. In most cases, we use JavaScript for client-side scripting which allows your code to run on the browser, and JavaScript is based on ECMAScript specification.JavaScript is a dynamically typed language with many built-in functions.
It is a high-level language with curly-brackets syntax and just-in-time compiled programming language. Major companies use JavaScript including Google, Facebook, Uber, etc.
JavaScript has several frameworks, some of them are ReactJS, AngularJS, VueJS, ExpressJS, EmberJS, NodeJS, ThreeJS, BabylonJS.Basically, javascript frameworks are collections of javascript code that provides developers pre-written codes for creating web applications.

Advantages:

  • Since JavaScript runs within clients’ browsers, this makes it faster, and also dynamic web pages can be created using JavaScript or its frameworks.
  • The main advantage is that it allows the users to interact with the webpages.

Disadvantages:

  • JavaScript has its own disadvantages one of which is Client-Side Security since the code is visible at the client’s end some of the users may use it for malicious purposes and therefore many of the users prefer disabling the JavaScript.

Python

Python

Introduction:

Python is a high-level, dynamically typed interpreted language created by Guido van Rossum in 1991. Its latest version is 3.9.0 which was released recently on 5th October 2022. Python is a multi-paradigm programming language. It supports Object-Oriented Programming(OOP), procedural programming, and functional programming.
If you are a beginner in the programming field, you should definitely start with Python since its syntax is simple and easy to understand. It can be used for back-end, software development, and also for data science. Python also has many in-built libraries which makes it stand out from other programming languages. One of the examples is OpenCV-Python which is used for the detection of images and videos.

Advantages:

  • The main advantage of using Python is that it is simple to understand and has a simple syntax.
  • It has numerous libraries which you can use.
  • Python can also be used for data analysis.
Disadvantages:
  • When comparing speed Python is slower than C and C++ as it takes time for interpretation.
  • Due to the flexibility of data types its memory consumption is also high.
  • Also, it is not considered an ideal choice for mobile app development.

Java

Java

Introduction:

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java Programs are interpreted via JVM(Java Virtual Machine) which runs on multiple platforms.
Hence Java Programs can be executed on multiple platforms. The latest version of Java is Java SE 15 which was released in September 2020.
In Java, everything is in the form of an object, which means it has some data and behavior. A java program must have at least one class and object.
Java Programs when compiled generate bytecode which is platform-independent plus the bytecode format also provides security. Any machine with JRE(Java Runtime Environment) installed can run Java Programs.

Advantages:

  • Java is platform-independent.
  • It is simple and secure.
  • Since it is object-oriented it enhances flexibility and reusability of code.
  • Java language supports portability feature and also multithreading.

Disadvantages:

  • Java is slower when compared to other languages such as C, C++, etc.
  • Java consumes significant memory.
  • It provides no backup facility.
  • Java is not that good for creating complicated UI.

GO

GO

Introduction:

Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language that is syntactically similar to C language, often referred as Golang. It is developed at Google. It has gained popularity over the past couple of years.
In Fact, Google uses Go for Youtube. The syntax for Go is simple, clean, and easy to understand, you don’t have to put most of the time into looking things up.
Go has this excellent capability of handling multiple programs at a time. Go performs better and is easier to deploy when compared to Node. Go has rich support for concurrency using goroutines and channels.
Advantages:
  • One of the best advantages is that it is simple and easy to understand.
  • Go provides automatic garbage collection for memory allocation.
  • Go has a built-in concurrency mechanism.
Disadvantages:
  • Go have fewer libraries when comparing with other programming languages like Java, Python, etc.
  • Error handling is not that perfect in Go.
  • Go is safe but not it does not provide the level of safety that Rust provides.

Swift

Swift

 

Introduction:

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. It was first released in 2014 and its recent version came in September 2020. Writing Swift code is fun and interactive, and the design is safe producing software running at a faster speed.
Swift is powerful enough to be used by professional developers. Swift has established itself as the main programming language in iOS app development.
Kitura an open-source web server framework written in Swift enables the development of mobile front end and back end in the same language. Many IT companies.

Advantages:

  • Swift language is safe and is faster.
  • It has less code and less prone to errors.
  • It gives you high performance and readability.
Disadvantages:
  • It has a lack of support for its earlier versions.
  • While Swift’s community is growing faster but still it is quite small when compared to other open-source languages.
Also, you may read this article: Latest Technology Trends in Information Technology

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