Tech

Latest Technology Trends in IT

Introduction

In this modern era, technology is been updating at a rapid rate and a massive amount of money is being invested in the field of research and development. Lot of computer professionals are contributing in developing the existing technology to get the most of it. 
In this competitive era, keeping yourself updated with the latest technology is of huge importance. Having a brief knowledge of the latest technologies and trends is important.

Information Technology has taken it to another level, so let’s dive into some current trends and technologies.

Artificial Intelligence       

                                                   AI

   Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science that refers to simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed with ability to think like humans and make decisions like them.
Artificial Intelligence has been acted as the main driver in enhancing emerging technologies like Big Data, Robotics and IoT. It makes its possible for machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs and also perform human tasks. AI combined with machine learning can be a powerful combination.
In coming few years AI will be dominating in every field and also can create job opportunities for millions of people. 

Examples of Artificial Intelligence

  • Digital Assistants.
  • ChatBots.
  • Face Detection and Recognition.
  • Social Media Monitoring.
  • Proactive HealthCare Management.

Advantages of AI (Artificial Intelligence)

  • AI saves the time taken to perform a task.
  • AI operates 24X7 without any break or interruption.
  • It facilitates decision making by making the process smarter and faster.
  • AI has mass market potential, it can be deployed across many industries.

Disadvantages of AI (Artificial Intelligence)

  • The implementation cost would be high. Setting the machines, computers may cost a lot.
  • Though machines are quite efficient than humans,  but practically you can’t build human intelligence into a machine.
  • Risk of Unemployment – With rapid development of AI, they are likely to take over the majority of repetitive tasks. Since AI will result in less human intervention it may affect to the employment standards.

BlockChain

Blockchain

Blockchain, also sometimes defined as distributed ledger is a system in which a record of transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency are maintained across several computers. In simple word, it is a digital record of transactions.
It is called BlockChain because it stores information packaged in the form of blocks which link to form a chain with other blocks of similar information.
The three pillars of blockchain are Decentralization, Transparency and Immutability. Currently there are at least four types of blockchain networks, which are private blockchains, public blockchains, consortium blockchain and hybrid blockchain.

Advantages of BlockChain

  • BlockChain allows verification without having to be independent on third parties.
  • To secure the data ledgers it uses protected cryptography.
  • BlockChain Technology increases the transparency of transactions, as everybody on network has copy of ledger.

Disadvantages of BlockChain

  • Excessive use of energy.
  • It is not a huge distributed computing system.
  • Scalability has been blockchains weakness.

Cyber Security

CyberSec

Cyber Security or Computer Security is the practice of defending computers, electronic systems, data and servers from malicious attacks. Technical skills of cyber security are progressively challenging, which means that classes become technically more complex as you move through the program.
The role of a cyber security professional may vary but the role can be simplified as protecting a company’s data from being compromised by an attack. While a job in cyber security can be stressful but it’s extremely rewarding.

Types of Cyber Security Threats

  • Malware
  • Denial of Service
  • Phishing
  • SQL Injection

Advantages of Cyber Security

  • Protects system from viruses, spyware or unwanted programs.
  • Prevents data from unauthorized access.
  • Gives privacy to users.
  • Protects the computer from being hacked.

Disadvantages of Cyber Security

  • Firewalls can be difficult to configure correctly.
  • Makes the system slower compared to it was before.
  • Need to keep updating the software for security reasons.
  • Pressure of defending the evolving and increasing attacks.

Internet of Things

IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of multiple devices that are connected together. These devices can interact or share data with each other and they are connected over a wireless network without any human intervention.
IoT also describes network of physical objects that are embedded with sensors, software and other technologies. The IoT will grow at a faster rate and have a wide future scope.
Both the private and the public sector companies have a great scope in this domain. In this domain there is always new things to learn and explore.

Advantages of IoT

  • Improve monitoring – Sensors and smart devices have the capability to manage a network of physical objects.
  • Improve control of operation process – In addition to new capabilities, IoT can improve and enhance controls.
  • With IoT, businesses can connect to consumers, suppliers, and employees etc.

Disadvantages of IoT

  • There are several opportunities for failure with complex systems.
  • Privacy/Security – Privacy has been a major issue in IoT.
  • There is a chance that the software can be hacked and your personal information can be misused.

Virtual Reality

VirTualReality
Virtual Reality (VR) refers to a computer generated simulation in which a person can interact with an artificial 3D environment using electrical devices such as special goggles with a screen or gloves fitted with sensors. It is used to create immersive experiences that can entertain or even educate people.
Virtual Reality is considered to have an incredible impact on almost every industry, including healthcare, education and even military. Using VR you can travel to a whole new place from your house. It is popularly used in the gaming field.
A virtual reality headset is a head mounted device that provides virtual experience for the wearer.

Advantages of Virtual Reality

  • Virtual Reality makes education more easy and comfort.
  • Virtual Reality could be used as a distraction tool to reduce anxiety, pain and help with anger management.
  • Can be done remotely saving time and money.
  • Simplifies complex problems & situations.

Disadvantages of Virtual Reality

  • Addiction to the virtual world.
  • Expensive – Advanced technologies like VR are generally expensive.
  • Lack of flexibility – This can be a big disadvantage for most of the students as lot of use can lead to physical inactivity.

Conclusion

Hope you liked this article on the latest technology trends in information technology. In this competitive world of the IT industry, getting a job is quite difficult. But if you keep yourself updated with the latest technologies you may survive in this competitive industry.

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