What is Cryptography?
Cryptography is the technique of protecting your information, by converting or encrypting the message into a secure format. Basically in cryptography, you convert plain text into Ciphertext. The ciphertext is plain text encrypted into a secure format using an encryption algorithm. The ciphertext is then converted into plain text using decryption.
Cryptography is the method of transmitting data into a secure format so that only those for whom it is intended can read and process it.
Types of Cryptography
Generally, there are 3 main types of Cryptography techniques: